Cordillera Administrative Region

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Cordillera
Administrative Region
Map of the Philippines showing the location of CordilleraAdministrative Region
Regional center Baguio City
Bilang na too 1,365,220
– Density 75 per km²
Awang 18,294 km²
Divisions
Saray Luyag 6
Saray Siyudad 1
Saray Baley 76
– Saray Barangay 1176
Saray Distrito na Congress 7
Saray salita Ilokano, Kalinga, Kankanaey, Ifugao, Itneg, Isnag, Pangasinense, others

The Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR) of the Philippines is a land-locked region consists of the provinces of Abra, Benguet, Ifugao, Kalinga, Mountain Province and Apayao. Baguio City is the regional center. The Cordillera region encompasses most of the areas within the Cordillera Central mountain range of Luzon, the largest range in the country. This region is home to numerous indigenous tribes collectively called the Igorot.

The Cordillera Administrative Region is the only landlocked region in the country.

Economy[edit | edit source]

Cordillera has abundant mineral reserves. These include metallic ores such as gold, copper, silver, zinc, and non-metallic minerals like sand, gravel and sulfur. Mineral reserves are found in all the provinces. However, mining is concentrated in Benguet.

Geography[edit | edit source]

Political Divisions[edit | edit source]

CAR is subdivided into 6 provinces and Baguio City.


Luyag/Siyudad Capital Population
(2000)
Area
(km²)
Pop. density
(per km²)
Abra Bangued 209,491 3,975.6 52.7
20px Apayao Kabugao 97,129 3,927.9 24.7
Benguet La Trinidad 330,129 2,599.4 127.0
Ph seal ifugao.png Ifugao Lagawe 161,623 2,517.8 64.2
Ph seal kalinga.png Kalinga Tabuk 174,023 3,119.7 55.8
Ph seal mountain province.png Mountain Province Bontoc 140,439 2,097.3 67.0
Baguio City 252,386 57.5 4,839.3

¹ Baguio City is a highly urbanized city; figures are excluded from Benguet Province.

Physical[edit | edit source]

Almost the whole region is situated in the mountainous Cordillera Central range. Located there is Mount Pulag, the second highest mountain in the country, rising at 2,922 meters. Various rivers start here, like the Cagayan River and the Agno River.

Tourist attractions[edit | edit source]

Tourist attractions in the region include the world famous Banaue Rice Terraces in the province of Ifugao. This is supposedly considered as the "Eighth Wonder of the World". Natural attractions of the region include the Sumaguing Cave in Sagada and the mummy caves of Benguet and Mt. Province. There are four National Parks: Cassamata Hill, Mount Pulag (the second highest mountain in the Philippines with an elevation of 2,922 meters above sea level), Mt. Data and Balbalasang-Balbalan, located in the province of Kalinga. Kalinga is also offering world class white water rafting along the chico river.

History[edit | edit source]

On July 15, 1987, Executive Order No. 220 was issued creating the Cordillera Administrative Region. It is composed of provinces which used to be part of the Old Mountain Province. Republic Act No. 6766 was passed on October 23, 1989. It provided for an Organic Act for the Cordillera Autonomous Region. It mandates the creation of an autonomous government to be headed by a Regional Governor. It creates a Regional Assembly that will enact laws of regional application and a regional judiciary composed of a supreme court and lower courts. The act also directs the proposed autonomous government in the Cordillera to exercise governmental functions, including the raising of taxes, but excluding defense, foreign affairs and monetary functions. However, the Constitution requires that the act has to be ratified by the people in a plebiscite. It was originally scheduled on December 27 of the same year but was reset to January 30 the following by virtue of the Commission on Elections. During the said plebiscite, it was only Ifugao which voted favorably.

Republic Act No. 8438 dated December 22, 1997 created the Cordillera Autonomous Region. In January 1998, a group of lawyers challenged the constitutionality of the act. A plebiscite held on March 9 of the same year was held and invalidated the act. The region was created but reduced to a regular administrative region.

Saray Region san Luyag na Luzon
Sagor na Baybay na Luzon: Ilocos ed Baybay | Ilocos ed Abalaten | La Union | Pangasinan
Valley na Cagayan: Batanes | Cagayan | Isabela | Balon Vizcaya | Quirino
Cordillera Administrative Region: Abra | Apayao | Benguet | Ifugao | Kalinga | Luyag na Palandey
Pegley na Luzon: Aurora | Bataan | Bulakan | Balon Ecija | Pampanga | Tarlac | Zambales
CALABARZON: Batangas | Cavite | Laguna | Quezon | Rizal
MIMARO: Mindoro ed Bokig (Oriental Mindoro) | Mindoro ed Sagor (Occidental Mindoro) | Romblon | Marinduque
Region na Bikol: Albay | Camarines ed Abalaten | Camarines ed Baybay | Catanduanes | Masbate | Sorsogon
Metro Manila: Agnaluyag
Saray Region na Filipinas
I | II | III | IV-A | IV-B | V | VI | VII | VIII | IX | X | XI | XII | XIII | NCR | CAR | ARMM